加拿大移民欺诈:你应该知道如何发现的5个骗局-【移投策】
加拿大移民欺诈:你应该知道如何发现的5个骗局-加拿大移民欺诈:你应该知道如何发现的5个骗局-【移投策】

加拿大移民欺诈:你应该知道如何发现的5个骗局

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2017-08-16


Immigration fraud is back in the spotlight in Canada after a new warning from the Ontario immigration office.

在安大略省移民部发布新的警示后,沉寂已久的加拿大移民欺诈又重新回到聚光灯下。


Scammers have been sending emails claiming to be from the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) and asking for a ‘Right of Permanent Residence Fee’.

近段时间以来,诈骗者发送了大量以安大略省移民提名计划(OINP为名的电子邮件,信中要求收信人提供“永久居留权费”


The messages come with a false Ontario Certificate of Nomination attached, featuring the Ontario government logo and the address of 400 University Avenue – the offices of the Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration.

邮件中不但有伪造的安大略省提名证书,还附有安大略省政府标志以及400大学大道 - 安大略省公民和移民部的办公室地址。


With the latest attempts to scam unassuming members of the public happening more frequently, here are five types of immigration fraud you need to be able to spot:

随着类似以不特定社会公众为实施对象的新型欺诈频日趋频繁,您需要知道如何发现以下五种不同类型的移民欺诈:

 

1The Phishing Email

络钓鱼邮

The latest Ontario case is a good example of this, one of the most frequently used fraud attempts.

最新的安大略案例是一个很好的例子,这也是最常用的欺诈手段之一


 Scammers send out emails claiming to be from a certain immigration office – in the above case Ontario – and ask for some kind of fee to continue with an application.

诈骗者一般会发邮件声称来自某个移民部(在上述情况下为安大略省),并要求支付某种费用以保证申请能够继续。

These group emails are usually sent to random recipients, meaning members of the public who have never had any need for immigration services can receive the message.

这些群发电子邮件通常会发送到随机收件人,这意味着那些从未使用或需要移民服务的社会公众也可能收到该邮件。

The scammers are hoping to catch one or two candidates for whom the email might seem realistic.

诈骗人期望通过大量邮件的发送,寻找到一个或两个相信邮件真实性的收件人。

Such emails used to be easy to spot because of their poor grammar or tone that lacked authenticity. But the scammers are catching on to this and making the messages more professional, so beware.

因为语法错误或用词不规范,缺乏真实性。类似的钓鱼邮件过去很容易发现。但是从最近的案例来看这些欺诈邮件的信息更加专业化,可信度越来越高,所以需要更加小心。


Ontario released the following advice on how to spot a fraudulent email:

安大略深移民部发布了一系列如何发现钓鱼欺诈邮件的建议:

No Certificate of Nomination will ever be emailed to you by the OINP.

OINP绝对不会以电子邮件的方式发送提名证明

The contact telephone and fax number on the certificate contain a (708) area code. This is not an area code used in Ontario and is not connected to the OINP in any way.

证书上的联系电话和传真号码包含(708)区号。这不是安大略省使用的区号,并且没有以任何方式连接到OINP


The false nomination certificate refers to the CIC Visa Office. The federal government has changed the name of the department that deals with Canadian immigration. It is now called Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)

虚假提名证书来自于CIC签证办公室。联邦政府已经更改了处理加拿大移民事物部门的正式名称。现在被称为加拿大移民,难民和公民部(IRCC

You will never be asked to make a payment to the OINP through a wire transfer, and you will never be asked to pay a ‘Right of Permanent Residence Fee’. Applicants to the OINP pay a one-time upfront administration fee to the program, through the online system, and do not pay for a nomination certificate when and if it is granted.

您永远不会被要求通过电汇付款给OINP,您永远不会被要求支付“永久居留权费”。 OINP的申请人只需通过在线系统即可一次性支付项目前期的处理费用,并且如果提名通过,授予提名证书也无需任何费用。


2The Phone Call

电话诈骗

Much like the email scam, phone fraudsters will call and claim to be from a certain Canadian immigration office. Recent examples have seen scammers attempt to imitate officials from the federal IRCC.

与钓鱼邮件诈骗相类似,电话诈骗者会打电话,声称来自某个加拿大移民局。从最近的案例可以看到骗子甚至试图模仿联邦IRCC的官员..


They will dress up the conversation in all kinds of official-sounding language, before eventually getting around to some kind of request for payment.

诈骗人会尝试使用各种官方语气以迷惑受骗人,最后到达某种付款要求...


The IRCC has issued the following advice:

IRCC也发布了相关警示:

We will not telephone you to collect money or payments. We may sometimes contact clients by telephone to get more information to continue processing an application, or to ask for more documents.

我们不会打电话向任何人收取费用或要求付款。我们有时可能会通过电话与客户联系以获取更多信息来继续处理申请,或者要求提供附加文件资料....

We will NEVER ask you for any sort of payment by telephone.

我们永远不会通过电话询问您采用何种付款方式。

We also will not ask you to confirm basic personal information that you already gave us on an application form (for example, your date of birth, passport number, etc.).

我们也不会要求您确认您已经在申请表中提供过的基本个人信息(例如您的出生日期,护照号码等)。

People can use telephone scams to steal your money or identity. We take strict measures to keep your information confidential.

诈骗人可以使用电话诈骗来窃取您的财物或身份讯息。我们采取严格的措施保护您的个人信息安全。

You should be very careful of scams asking for details like your credit card, bank account or passport numbers, and any other types of personal information.

您应该要非常小心任何要求您提供信用卡,银行帐户或护照号码以及任何其他类型个人信息的电话。


3The Fake Immigration Website

假移民部网站

It does not take much for a dedicated fraudster to copy a website, or create one that looks a lot like the official IRCC portal.

从实际案例来看,诈骗人无需花费太多功夫即可复制或创建一个与移民部官网类似的虚假网站。

Often, they will also put out phoney internet ads design to drive traffic to their site, promising faster processing for immigration applications, or guaranteeing passage to Canada.

通常,他们还会针对手机移动端进行网络广告投放,以吸引更多的网站流量,同时在网页上承诺会更快地处理移民申请,或保证进入加拿大。

The simple rule here is: do not trust anything that sounds too good to be true. Processing times have nothing to do with anyone except case officers at the IRCC. And no-one is guaranteed a successful application.

这里有一个基本原则:不要亲信任何听起来过于理想的事。处理时间与IRCC的案件官员无关。没有人能够保证申请的成功率..


The IRCC has the following advice:

IRCC也对此发布了下列警示:

If the website claims to offer special deals to people who want to immigrate, don’t deal with them. Do not pay for offers of guaranteed entry into Canada or faster processing of your application. These claims are false.

如果网站声称为可以为想要移民的人提供特别优惠,请不要相信。请不要支付任何声称可以保证移民加拿大或加快处理您移民申请的额外收费。这些承诺都是虚假的。

Check the address in your browser’s address bar when you land on a website. It should match the address you typed.

当您浏览网页时,请检查浏览器地址栏中的IP地址。它应该与你输入的地址相匹配。


Here are some other ways to protect yourself:

这是另外一些可以保护你远离危害的方法:

Never enter private information unless there is a padlock in the browser window or ”https://” at the beginning of the web address to show it is secure.

切勿随意输入个人信息,除非浏览器窗口中有挂锁或网址开头的“https//”,以证明该网站是安全的。

If a website seems wrong to you, do a web search to see if anyone has reported any problems with that site.

如果您访问的网站异常,请进行网页搜索,查看是否有人报告过该网站的任何问题。

Make sure your browser is up-to-date. Browser filters can help detect fake websites.

确保您的浏览器是最新的版本。浏览器过滤器可以有效帮助检测虚假网站。

Beware of websites advertised in emails from strangers that you did not ask for.

不要点击来自陌生人电子邮件中发布的任何网址。

Don’t give out personal information unless you are sure you know whom you are dealing with.

不要随意向任何人透露您的个人讯息,除非您清楚了解对方的情况。

If in doubt, contact the website owner by telephone or email before you do anything.

如果有疑问,请立即通过电话或电子邮件与网站所有者联系。


4Charging for A Job Offer

收取“工作职位”费

A bona fide job offer will never come without an interview. In certain cases, scammers will guarantee a job offer and ask for a fee for the service. This is illegal in many Canadian jurisdictions.

真实的工作职位按规定要必须经过面试评估。在某些情况下,诈骗者会以保证提供工作职位为由,要求支付一定金额的服务费用。在加拿大许多司法管辖领域,这是非法的。

Fraudsters know a job offer can be a key element to a successful Canadian immigration application. Often a paid-for job offer will never materialize, or if the authorities find out about it, the candidate’s case could be rejected.

诈骗者知道工作职位能够成为左右加拿大移民申请成功率的关键要素。通常来所,绝对不可能是有偿的工作职位,或者如果被相关部门发现,申请人的申请很可能被拒绝。


如果您有意在加拿大寻找合适的工作机会,欢迎访问我们的expert recruitment services.

 

5Immigration Lawyer or Immigration Consultant?

移民律还是移民顾问

Whether it be our services or another attorney, immigration.ca would always recommend hiring an immigration lawyer over an immigration consultant.

无论是作为我们还是其他律师为您提供服务,immigration.ca都会建议您聘请移民律师而非移民顾问。


The Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC) is on the verge of being disbanded because of the number of documented self-governing problems and unlicensed rogue consultants especially overseas, being allowed to slip through the net.

鉴于正式记录在案的自我监管问题日益严重,以及众多游走于体系灰色地带的海外无证流氓顾问,加拿大监管委员会(ICCRC)的移民顾问正处于被解散的边缘。

Candidates who believe they are on the verge of a successful application can find themselves rejected because of an unlicensed immigration consultant they used.

那些相信他们有望申请成功的申请人可能因为所使用的无证移民顾问而被拒绝。


Immigrating to Canada is difficult for the vast majority of intending applicants.  There are 14 different jurisdictions with each having a role to play, and rules changing weekly.  It is always best to hire an experienced licensed practicing lawyer as apposed to an immigration consultant.

移民到加拿大对绝大多数有意申请者来说并非易事。这里有14个不同的司法管辖区,每个都可以发挥不同作用,规则每周更换一次。最好聘请经验丰富的执业律师而非移民顾问。

What is the difference between hiring a lawyer and hiring a licensed consultant?

雇用移民律师和雇用执照移民顾问有什么区别?

A consultant is any person called on to give advice. A lawyer (attorney, barrister or solicitor) is licensed to perform legal functions. These may include:

顾问可以是受邀提供咨询的任何人。而律师是指(律师 attorney,大律师 barrister或初级事务律师solicitor)有执照执行法律职能的法律从业者。可能包括:

Drafting documents

起草法律文件

Interpreting and applying laws

解释和适用法律

Giving legal advice

提供法律咨询

Representing clients in court

在法庭上代表客户

The practice of law is regulated by each of the provinces. A lawyer must have the following credentials:

法律实践准则由各省自行规定。成为律师必须具备以下条件:


Bachelor of law degree (3 years) from a recognized university

获得认可的大学法学学士学位(34年)

Law admission examinations

通过法学院入学考试

Training (usually 6 months) under an approved practicing lawyer

接受经批准的执业律师培训(通常为6个月)


The conduct of lawyers in Canada is regulated by the Professional Order of Lawyers (POL).

加拿大律师的行为受到律师专业守则(POL)的监管。


POL rules cover areas including:

POL规则涵盖以下领域:

Separate trust bank accounts for client fees

独立的信托银行账户管理客户费用

Obligations of lawyers towards clients

律师对客户的法律义务

Performance of mandates

执行委托

Extensive mandatory continuing legal education

全面的强制性继续法律教育

The distinction can be best understood from our writing first posted in 1995, which you can read here.   Taking into account all the above factors will help minimize unwanted outcomes in this area.

以上区别可以从我们1995年第一次发表的文章中得到更全面的理解,您可以在这里阅读。综合考虑上述所有因素,将有助于尽量减少这一领域的不必要的风险。




柯林辛格 (Colin R Singer)加拿大魁北克移民律师 拥有超过25年北美移民执业经验的资深合伙人。加拿大公民与移民资源中心 CANADIAN CITIZENSHIP & IMMIGRATION RESOURCE CENTER (CCIRC) INC的创办人和实际管理者。加拿大移民法律专刊《Immigration Law Reporter》的特约撰稿人,加拿大律师协会魁北克省国家移民法律部门(executive member of the Canadian Bar Association’s Quebec and National Immigration Law Sections )执行委员, 美国移民律师协会加拿大分会(the Canadian Chapter of the American Immigration Lawyers Association)会员。

两次作为专家证人(expert witness)参与加拿大下议院公民和移民常设委员会(Canada’s House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration)的听证与议案讨论。


柯林 辛格 拥有超过25年执业经验的资深加拿大联邦移民律师,旗下拥有一支由优秀律师,各行业专家顾问以及法律助理组成的大型移民律师事务所。

柯林 辛格帮助多家加拿大跨国企业在涉及海外技术工人,专业人员在跨境工作许可证申请和跨国项目招聘的过程中,以其高效专业的服务为客户企业解决了诸多涉及移民政策与法律法规方面的难题。同时也为有同样诉求的中小学企业,人力资源经理以及独立企业主提供了颇具成本竞争力的解决方案。柯林 辛格还同时拥有跨国投资移民investment immigration  ,高端海外人力资源服务Global Recruiters of Montreal   两家不同类型的一站式服务平台。

柯林辛格同时也是一位颇具影响力的法律专栏作家 ,他的文章行文流畅,观点独特却有不失调理。多次被全球最大的咨询内容供应商之一,Mondaq(蒙达克)评选为当月 “最受读者欢迎的文章”奖项。



律所官网:www.immigration.ca

(创立于1995年,加拿大最大的移民资讯服务网站)


跨国投资移民服务平台:www.investmentimmigration.com

(涵盖了全球最热门的资本投资渠道和移民目的地:包括加拿大,美国,澳洲,新西兰,英国,爱尔兰,西班牙,葡萄牙,希腊,奥地利 ,马耳他和加勒比海国家)


国际高端人力资源服务网站:www.grnmontreal.com

(提供国际高端人力资源招聘资讯,加拿大雇主担保移民职位搜索



欢迎联系我们的加拿大持证律师,获取经一步的移民资讯,成功开启您登录加拿大的旅程。


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