Sponsoring Yourself for U.S. Permanent Residency: The EB-1A Solution to the EB-5 Problem-Sponsoring Yourself for U.S. Permanent Residency: The EB-1A Solution to the EB-5 Problem-【移投策】

Sponsoring Yourself for U.S. Permanent Residency: The EB-1A Solution to the EB-5 Problem

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2017-08-25

您的客户在中国取得成功,现在想探索国外的商业和投资机会。美国是一个很好的选择,但是要确信他们能够可靠地进入国家,监督他们的投资和管理他们的业务,客户需要美国永久居留权。他们需要一张绿卡。那么,他们得到最好的方式是什么?近年来,这个问题最常见的答案是EB-5移民投资者签证,但对于许多个人来说,EB-1A对于艺术,科学或商业方面具有非凡能力的个人来说可能是更佳的。

Your clients have succeeded in China and now want to explore business and investment opportunities abroad. The United States presents an excellent option, but to be confident of their ability to reliably enter the country, oversee their investments, and manage their businesses as they see fit, the clients need U.S. Permanent Residency. They need a green card. So, what is the best way for them to get one? In recent years the most common answer to that question has been the EB-5 Immigrant Investor Visa, but for many individuals the EB-1A for Individuals with Extraordinary Ability in the Arts, Sciences, or Business may be superior.

EB-5投资者签证可能仍然是一些人的最佳选择,但是由于现在这个道路受到一些固有的问题的困扰。首先是慢的根据处理时间,中国申请人在实际获得绿卡之前,可以等待至少12-20个月才能了解他们的呈请是否获得批准,另外16-24个月,总共三年。二,绿卡EB-5投资者收到的一开始并不是真正的永久性,是有条件的。只能在两年内有效,之后请愿人必须通过表明持续维持投资并持续创造至少10个全职工作的合格员工来申请移除条件。如果政府有任何疑问,只会将有条件的永久居留权延长两年,而不是取消条件,给予真正的永久居留权。最后,EB-5是昂贵和僵化的。它需要在特定业务中投资50万美元或100万美元,并且业务必须成功维护至少两年。

The EB-5 Investor Visa may still be the optimal choice for some, but as things stand today this pathway is plagued by a number of inherent problems. First, it is slow. Depending on processing times Chinese petitioners can expect to wait at least 12-20 months before learning whether their petition has been approved and another 16-24 months, three years in total, before actually receiving a green card. Second, the green card EB-5 Investors receive is not truly permanent at the beginning, it is conditional. It is only valid for a two year period, after which the petitioner has to apply to remove the conditions by demonstrating the sustained maintenance of the investment and the sustained creation of at least 10 full time jobs for qualifying employees. If the government has any doubts it will simply extend the conditional permanent residency for another two years instead of removing the conditions and granting true permanent residency. Finally, the EB-5 is expensive and inflexible. It requires an investment of either $500,000 or $1,000,000 in a particular business and the business must be successfully maintained for at minimum two years.

作为替代方案,EB-1A为合格的个人提供了移民解决方案以解决这些问题。与EB-5不同,EB-1A申请文件有资格提交高级处理请求。这意味着客户可以在短短15个日历日内知道请愿是否已获得批准。此外,EB-1偏好类别很少有配额积压。一旦客户的请愿被批准,客户及其家人将几乎立即有资格获得永久居留权,无论是通过在美国的领事馆处理或通过调整在美国的状态。客户不仅可以在提交EB-1A12-18个月内获得美国永久居留权,永久居留权是无条件且完全灵活的。没有最低投资额,没有就业创造要求,没有额外的政府报告要求,永久居留权不与特定企业有关。客户必须首先进入美国,在其非凡能力范围内进行努力,但是客户在哪里和如何完成任务。例如,一个非凡的房地产开发商必须来美国利用他的房地产开发技能,但开发商并不致力于一个单一的具体项目,最小投资规模或最小投资期限。

As an alternative, the EB-1A presents an immigration solution to each of these problems for qualified individuals. Unlike the EB-5, EB-1A petitions are eligible to be filed with a request for premium processing. This means the client can know whether the petition has been approved in as little as 15 calendar days. Further, the EB-1 preference category rarely has a quota backlog. Once the client’s petition is approved the client and his family will almost immediately be eligible to receive permanent residency, either by processing through a U.S. consulate abroad or by adjusting status in the United States. Not only can the client receive U.S. permanent residency within 12-18 months of filing the EB-1A, that permanent residency is unconditional and utterly flexible. There is no minimum investment amount, no job creation requirement, no additional government reporting requirements, and the permanent residency is not tied to a particular venture. The client must initially be entering the United States to pursue an endeavor within his field of extraordinary ability, but where and how are entirely up to the client. An extraordinary real estate developer, for instance, must be coming to the U.S. to utilize his real estate development skills, but the developer is not committed to a single specific project, a minimum investment size, or a minimum investment duration.

EB-1A类别中需要批准的资格很高,但不太高,因为许多正在考虑EB-5的客户都无法达到这一要求。对客户批准可能性的准确评估需要美国移民律师仔细分析,但作为申请人,单个问题的答案可以成为该选项是否应被探索的强有力的指标:客户如何有足够的资金来考虑进行EB-5投资?如果客户继承了这笔钱或以其他方式收到的答案是EB-5可能是美国永久居留权的唯一选择,但是如果客户自己通过非常擅长自己的方式赚钱,那么EB-1A可能会更快,更容易,更适合客户的目标。

The qualifications required to be approved in the EB-1A category are high, but not so high as to be out of reach for many clients who are considering EB-5. An accurate assessment of a client’s likelihood of being approved requires careful analysis by a U.S. Immigration attorney, but as agents the answer to a single question can be a strong indicator of whether the option should be explored: How does the client have enough money to consider making an EB-5 investment? If the answer is the client inherited the money or otherwise received it as a windfall then EB-5 may be the only option for U.S. permanent residency, but if the answer is the client made the money himself by being very good at what he does, then the EB-1A may be faster, easier, and better suited for the client’s goals.

作者:Rodney MalpertPartner

Rodney MalpertFragomen Worldwide律师事务所的高级合伙人,负责律所在美国西部的日常事务。他同时还在Arizona State University法学院教授商务移民法,在Southern Methodist University法学院教授综合移民法。Rod在商务移民的相关法律方面有丰富的经验,包括PERM劳工证书,国家利益豁免,EB1杰出人才,企业重组,雇佣前程序/歧视,游说和法律分析等。在加入Fragomen之前,Rod是德州仪器的资深律师,在那里他管理全球移民事务。  Rod还是两本教科书的作者:《商业移民法:雇用外国人的战略》和 《商业移民法:表格和申请》。他多年来一直担任美国移民律师协会(AILA)年会会议的编辑。 Rod是各种组织的发言人和组织者,包括人力资源管理协会(SHRM),全球移民委员会(CFGI)和一些贸易团体。他被列入在2010-2015Who’s Who Legal – The International Who’s Who of Corporate Immigration Lawyers

作者:Jentry WheelerAttorney at Law

JentryFragomen Worldwide律师事务所硅谷的律师。他的工作涉及寻找创造性的解决方案,以满足各种客户的移民需求。他的专长在国家利益豁免(NIW)和EB-1A非凡能力永久居留申请以及O-1非移民签证申请。他的经验包括案件处理的每一步,从案件起诉到提交申请和回应证据请求(RFE)。他的客户包括大型公司在技术,化学和工程领域。

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