Sponsoring Yourself for U.S. Permanent Residency: The EB-1A Solution to the EB-5 Problem-Sponsoring Yourself for U.S. Permanent Residency: The EB-1A Solution to the EB-5 Problem-【移投策】

Sponsoring Yourself for U.S. Permanent Residency: The EB-1A Solution to the EB-5 Problem

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2017-08-29

您的客户在中国取得成功,现在想探索国外的商业和投资机会。美国是⼀一个很好的选择,但是要 确信他们能够可靠地进⼊入国家,监督他们的投资和管理理他们的业务,客户需要美国永久居留留权。 他们需要⼀一张绿卡。那么,他们得到最好的⽅方式是什什么?近年年来,这个问题最常⻅见的答案是EB-5 移⺠民投资者签证,但对于许多个⼈人来说,EB-1A对于艺术,科学或商业⽅方⾯面具有⾮非凡能⼒力力的个⼈人 来说可能是更更佳的。


Your clients have succeeded in China and now want to explore business and investment op- portunities abroad. The United States presents an excellent option, but to be confident of their ability to reliably enter the country, oversee their investments, and manage their busi- nesses as they see fit, the clients need U.S. Permanent Residency. They need a green card. So, what is the best way for them to get one? In recent years the most common answer to that question has been the EB-5 Immigrant Investor Visa, but for many individuals the EB-1A for Individuals with Extraordinary Ability in the Arts, Sciences, or Business may be superior.


EB-5投资者签证可能仍然是⼀一些⼈人的最佳选择,但是由于现在这个道路路受到⼀一些固有的问题的困 扰。⾸首先是慢的根据处理理时间,中国申请⼈人在实际获得绿卡之前,可以等待⾄至少12-20个⽉月才能 了了解他们的呈请是否获得批准,另外16-24个⽉月,总共三年年。⼆二,绿卡EB-5投资者收到的⼀一开始 并不不是真正的永久性,是有条件的。只能在两年年内有效,之后请愿⼈人必须通过表明持续维持投资 并持续创造⾄至少10个全职⼯工作的合格员⼯工来申请移除条件。如果政府有任何疑问,只会将有条件 的永久居留留权延⻓长两年年,⽽而不不是取消条件,给予真正的永久居留留权。最后,EB-5是昂贵和僵化 的。它需要在特定业务中投资50万美元或100万美元,并且业务必须成功维护⾄至少两年年。


The EB-5 Investor Visa may still be the optimal choice for some, but as things stand today this pathway is plagued by a number of inherent problems. First, it is slow. Depending on pro- cessing times Chinese petitioners can expect to wait at least 12-20 months before learning whether their petition has been approved and another 16-24 months, three years in total, be- fore actually receiving a green card. Second, the green card EB-5 Investors receive is not truly permanent at the beginning, it is conditional. It is only valid for a two year period, after which the petitioner has to apply to remove the conditions by demonstrating the sustained mainte- nance of the investment and the sustained creation of at least 10 full time jobs for qualifying employees. If the government has any doubts it will simply extend the conditional permanent residency for another two years instead of removing the conditions and granting true perma- nent residency. Finally, the EB-5 is expensive and inflexible. It requires an investment of either $500,000 or $1,000,000 in a particular business and the business must be successfully main- tained for at minimum two years.


作为替代⽅方案,EB-1A为合格的个⼈人提供了了移⺠民解决⽅方案以解决这些问题。与EB-5不不同,EB-1A 申请⽂文件有资格提交⾼高级处理理请求。这意味着客户可以在短短15个⽇日历⽇日内知道请愿是否已获得 批准。此外,EB-1偏好类别很少有配额积压。⼀一旦客户的请愿被批准,客户及其家⼈人将⼏几乎⽴立即 有资格获得永久居留留权,⽆无论是通过在美国的领事馆处理理或通过调整在美国的状态。客户不不仅可 以在提交EB-1A的12-18个⽉月内获得美国永久居留留权,永久居留留权是⽆无条件且完全灵活的。没有最低投资额,没有就业创造要求,没有额外的政府报告要求,永久居留留权不不与特定企业有关。客户必须⾸首先进⼊入美国,在其⾮非凡能⼒力力范围内进⾏行行努⼒力力,但是客户在哪⾥里里和如何完成任务。例例如,⼀一个⾮非凡的房地产开发商必须来美国利利⽤用他的房地产开发技能,但开发商并不不致⼒力力于⼀一个单⼀一的具体项⽬目,最⼩小投资规模或最⼩小投资期限。 

As an alternative, the EB-1A presents an immigration solution to each of these problems for qualified individuals. Unlike the EB-5, EB-1A petitions are eligible to be filed with a request for premium processing. This means the client can know whether the petition has been ap- proved in as little as 15 calendar days. Further, the EB-1 preference category rarely has a quo- ta backlog. Once the client’s petition is approved the client and his family will almost immedi- ately be eligible to receive permanent residency, either by processing through a U.S. con- sulate abroad or by adjusting status in the United States. Not only can the client receive U.S. permanent residency within 12-18 months of filing the EB-1A, that permanent residency is unconditional and utterly flexible. There is no minimum investment amount, no job creation requirement, no additional government reporting requirements, and the permanent residen- cy is not tied to a particular venture. The client must initially be entering the United States to pursue an endeavor within his field of extraordinary ability, but where and how are entirely up to the client. An extraordinary real estate developer, for instance, must be coming to the U.S. to utilize his real estate development skills, but the developer is not committed to a single specific project, a minimum investment size, or a minimum investment duration.


在EB-1A类别中需要批准的资格很⾼高,但不不太⾼高,因为许多正在考虑EB-5的客户都⽆无法达到这⼀一 要求。对客户批准可能性的准确评估需要美国移⺠民律律师仔细分析,但作为申请⼈人,单个问题的答 案可以成为该选项是否应被探索的强有⼒力力的指标:客户如何有⾜足够的资⾦金金来考虑进⾏行行EB-5投资? 如果客户继承了了这笔钱或以其他⽅方式收到的答案是EB-5可能是美国永久居留留权的唯⼀一选择,但是 如果客户⾃自⼰己通过⾮非常擅⻓长⾃自⼰己的⽅方式赚钱,那么EB-1A可能会更更快,更更容易易,更更适合客户的⽬目 标。


The qualifications required to be approved in the EB-1A category are high, but not so high as to be out of reach for many clients who are considering EB-5. An accurate assessment of a client’s likelihood of being approved requires careful analysis by a U.S. Immigration attorney, but as agents the answer to a single question can be a strong indicator of whether the option should be explored: How does the client have enough money to consider making an EB-5 investment? If the answer is the client inherited the money or otherwise received it as a wind- fall then EB-5 may be the only option for U.S. permanent residency, but if the answer is the client made the money himself by being very good at what he does, then the EB-1A may be faster, easier, and better suited for the client’s goals.
作者:Rodney Malpert,Partner
Rodney Malpert是Fragomen Worldwide律律师事务所的⾼高级合伙⼈人,负责律律所在美国⻄西部的⽇日常 事务。他同时还在Arizona State University法学院教授商务移⺠民法,在Southern Methodist Uni- versity法学院教授综合移⺠民法。Rod在商务移⺠民的相关法律律⽅方⾯面有丰富的经验,包括PERM劳⼯工证书,国家利利益豁免,EB1杰出⼈人才,企业重组,雇佣前程序/歧视,游说和法律律分析等。在加⼊入 Fragomen之前,Rod是德州仪器器的资深律律师,在那⾥里里他管理理全球移⺠民事务。 Rod还是两本教科 书的作者:《商业移⺠民法:雇⽤用外国⼈人的战略略》和 《商业移⺠民法:表格和申请》。他多年年来⼀一直 担任美国移⺠民律律师协会(AILA)年年会会议的编辑。 Rod是各种组织的发⾔言⼈人和组织者,包括⼈人⼒力力 资源管理理协会(SHRM),全球移⺠民委员会(CFGI)和⼀一些贸易易团体。他被列列⼊入在2010-2015版 Who’s Who Legal – The International Who’s Who of Corporate Immigration Lawyers。


作者:Jentry Wheeler,Attorney at Law

Jentry是Fragomen Worldwide律律师事务所硅⾕谷的律律师。他的⼯工作涉及寻找创造性的解决⽅方案, 以满⾜足各种客户的移⺠民需求。他的专⻓长在国家利利益豁免(NIW)和EB-1A⾮非凡能⼒力力永久居留留申请 以及O-1⾮非移⺠民签证申请。他的经验包括案件处理理的每⼀一步,从案件起诉到提交申请和回应证据 请求(RFE)。他的客户包括⼤大型公司在技术,化学和⼯工程领域。


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