将家庭成员带来美国 - 谁可以与你的客户同时移民-将家庭成员带来美国 - 谁可以与你的客户同时移民-【移投策】

将家庭成员带来美国 - 谁可以与你的客户同时移民

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2017-09-01

Bringing Family Members to the U.S. – Who Can Immigrate With Your Clients and When

将家庭成员带来美国 - 谁可以与你的客户同时移民

Family unity is often a critical concern for clients weighing the pros and cons of immigration decisions. Clients considering establishing permanent residency in the United States want to know who can immigrate with them and how quickly the move can be accomplished. The U.S. system for family immigration and sponsorship can be easily explained to clients by breaking the explanation down into two distinct categories. First, family members who can come with the client when they themselves immigrate. Second, family members who can be sponsored at a later date after the client establishes their own permanent residency. 

家庭团聚通常是衡量移民决定的利弊的客户的关键问题。考虑在美国建立永久居留权的客户想知道谁可以与他们一起移民,以及如何快速实现这一举措。美国的家庭移民和申请制度可以很容易地向客户解释,将其解释为两个不同的类别。首先,当他们自己移民的时候可以和客户一起来的家庭成员。第二,在客户确定自己的永久居留权之后,可以申请的家庭成员。

Family Members Who Can Immigrate at the Same Time as the Client:

与客户同时移民的家庭成员:

As a general rule, the only family members who are eligible to become U.S. permanent residents at the same time as the principal applicant are spouses and unmarried children under the age of 21. This includes biological children, step children under 18 at the time of the marriage, and children adopted while under the age of 16. In some, but not all, circumstances children who turn 21 after the immigration process has been initiated but before receiving permanent residency may still be eligible to receive permanent residency as dependents. Clients wishing to obtain U.S. permanent residency for children over the age of 18 should be sure to mention this to their immigration attorney at the start of the immigration process to ensure the child does not become ineligible due to age. 

作为一般规则,与主要申请人同时有资格成为美国永久性居民的唯一家庭成员是配偶和21岁以下的未婚子女,其中包括亲生子女,18岁以下的未婚继子女以及16岁以下的领养子女。在一些但并非全部情况下,移民过程中子女超过21岁的,仍然有资格获得永久居留身份。希望获得美国绿卡的18岁以上子女,一定要在移民程序开始时将其信息提交给移民律师,以确保孩子不会因年龄不合格。

Family Members Who Can Be Sponsored After the Client Becomes a Permanent Resident:

客户成为永久居民后可以为其申请绿卡的家庭成员:

U.S. immigration law allows permanent residents to sponsor some family members for permanent residency. However, unlike spouses and children who apply for and receive permanent residency at the same time as the client, client, family members sponsored by someone who is already a permanent resident can face significantly long wait times before being allowed to immigrate. U.S. permanent residents are allowed to sponsor the following types of family members:

美国移民法允许永久居民为一些家庭成员提供永久居留权。但是,不同于与客户同时申请和领取永久居留权的配偶和子女,由已经是永久居民的人申请的家庭成员在拿到绿卡前可能会遇到相当长的等待时间。允许美国永久性居民为其申请绿卡包括以下类型的家庭成员:

  • A new spouse or a pre-existing spouse who did not immigrate at the same time as the permanent resident;  没有与申请人一起申请的配偶
  • Unmarried children under the age of 21; 21岁以下的未婚子女
  • Unmarried children over the age of 21;21岁以上的未婚子女

Under the current system spouses and children under the age of 21 can expect to wait up to at least two years before receiving permanent residence and unmarried children over the age of 21 must wait for approximately seven years. Given these delays clients should approach the permanent residency of their dependents carefully and, where possible, consider planning for their dependents to apply for and receive permanent residency at the same time as the client him or herself. 

在目前的制度下,配偶和21岁以下的儿童等待至少两年才能获得永久居留权,21岁以上的未婚子女必须等待约7年。鉴于这些拖延,客户应仔细考虑其家属的永久居留权,并在可能的情况下考虑规划其家属与客户同时申请和领取永久居留权。

Finally, If a client opts to pursue U.S. citizenship after becoming a permanent resident the types of family members eligible for sponsorship expand to include married sons or daughters, parents, and siblings. Additional information on the amount of time these individuals can expect to wait before receiving permanent residency is available from the U.S. Department of State’s monthly visa bulletin.

最后,如果客户在成为永久居民后,选择追求美国公民身份,那么有资格获得申请的家庭成员的类型就会扩大到包括已婚的子女,父母和兄弟姐妹。有关这些人在获得永久居留权之前可以等待的时间的更多信息,可从美国国务院的月度签证公告获得。

 

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